1919-38 : The time betwenn the two Wars


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From 1919 to 1938

The welcome given to the liberation troops and the legislative elections of 1919 were both perceived as a plebiscite in favour of France, but the enthusiasm quickly gave way to a certain “malaise.”

Linguistic difficulties, triage commissions and, later, the French government’s desire to suppress differences such as bilingualism, the Concordat, and social gains in Alsace and Moselle, caused a serious crisis. This climate favoured the rise of the separatist movement in Alsace.

In the 1930s, Hitler’s rise to power and the degradation of the international situation led to the clear decline of this separatist movement.