1940 - The deportation of people from Alsace and Moselle

The deportation of people from Alsace and Moselle

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In 1940

The political opponents in Alsace and Moselle were deported. They were sent to all of the camps of the great Reich.

We are able to cite the cases of 42 Alsatian officers deported to Neuengamme for having refused to swear allegiance to Hitler. Twenty-two of them died there, the Alsatian-Mosellans who were deported to Struthof (including those who had come from Queleu Fort), to Ravensbrück (338 deported, 73 of whom would never return), and to Buchenwald (University of Strasburg students relocated to Clermont-Ferrand, taken in a riot at the end of November 1943, the students were deported to Ravensbrück).

Homosexuals were also deported from Alsace and Moselle. In annexed territory, the German legislation that supressed homosexuality was applied to homosexuals from Alsace and Moselle.

The deportation of Jews from Alsace-Moselle (Jews born in Alsace-Moselle but also German and Austrian Jews, refugees in the area since 1933) was mostly done from France.

In effect, as of 1940, Alsace and Moselle were “Judenrein,” or “rid of Jews.” The Jews from these territories were not authorized to come home after evacuation or deportation in 1940. They experienced the fate of the French Jews (riots, transit camps or deportation). It is estimated that approximately 1,500 Jews from Moselle and 1,200 from Alsace, died in the extermination camps.