1945 : Alsace-Moselle Contribution


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In 1945

Alsace and Moselle had not only been occupied but annexed by the Third Reich and paid a heavy price during the war, with 130,000 young men forced to fight (called the “malgré nous”) in the German army, 30,000 of which died or went missing.

These martyred lands forged great Europeans, such as Robert Schuman, from Moselle, French Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1948 to 1953 and author of the plan that would lay the foundations for European construction. Strasbourg was chosen to embody Franco-German reconciliation.

It welcomed major European institutions, including the European Parliament over which Robert Schuman would preside from 1958 to 1960.